( english version )
Chemistry C ( 5 CFU )
Prof. Franco Ugozzoli
     Tel. 0521.905417 - Fax. 0521.905557           E-mail. franco.ugozzoli@unipr.it           Home page. http://www.chim.unipr.it/ugozzoli.html

Finalità
The students will be prepared to a deep understanding of the fundamental chemical phenomena responsible of the environmental pollution that are interesting for the Environmental and Land Management Engineering.

Programma
Atmospheric chemistry. Main poluttants. Acidic rains. Photochemical smog. Smog-forming reactions. Green house effect.
Environmental chemistry of water. Ions in solution. Complexation and chelation in water. Acquatic life. Bacteria. Water polluttants.
Soil environmental chemistry. The solid phases. The water/soil ratios. The pH of soil and its control.
Introduction to analythical chemistry. Classification of the chemical products according to the rules of the European Community. Safety rules.
Volumetric analysis. Acid-base titrations. Red-Ox titrations. Titrations by precipitation. Titrations with EDTA.
Gravimetric methods of analysis. Thermogravimetry (TGA). Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). Determination of carbonates in soil.
Electrochemical methods. Electrogravimetric analysis. Potentiometry. Conductimetry.
Methods of separation and purification. Filtration. Centrifugation. Crystallization. Extraction by solvent. Chromatography.
Characterization of products. Physical properties: a) melting point b) boiling point c) density.
Spectroscopy. Mass spectroscopy. UV-visible spectroscopy. IR spectroscopy. Fundaments of nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR). X-ray diffraction.
Selective electrodes and sensors. Molecular recognition and selectivity. ISE (Ion Selective Electrodes) and ISFET (Ion Selective Field Effect Transistor). Mass sensors. “artificial noses”.
Radioactivity as analytical method. The radioactive decay and its applications in analytical chemistry.
Protocols for quantitative analysis. Determination of sulphates in natural water. Determination of the Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD). Determination of calcium and magnesium in water. Determination of the hardness of water.

Attività d'esercitazione
In the course specific exercices and applications will prompt the students to learn about the quantitative aspects of the theorethical priciples.

Modalità d'esame
The examination will begin with a test in written form and typically based on exercises. Only .the students able to solve the exercises proposed will be admitted to the oral examination.

Propedeuticità
None. Chemistry AB or a 9 CFU-equivalent chemistry course.

Testi consigliati
S. E. Manahan, Environmental Chemistry, Lewis Publishers.

 
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