( english version )
Instrumentation and Measurement Systems A ( 5 CFU )
Prof. Giovanni Chiorboli
     Tel. 0521.905809 - Fax. 0521.905822           E-mail. giovanni.chiorboli@unipr.it           Home page. http://ee.unipr.it/~chi

To introduce students with the fundamentals of modern metrology, with particular reference to the electronic measurements. Topics include an introduction to metrology (International System of measurement units, electrical standards, and evaluation of measurement uncertainty) and the description of some basic instruments. Techniques, precautions for each measurement type, and required instrumentation configurations are stressed.
Lecture and lab.

Measurements for monitoring physical phenomena. Errors and uncertainty. Physical quantity, measurement units and standards. The International System of measurement units.

Modelling the measurement process: identifying sources of error, understanding and quantifying errors, codifying error effects on a specific reported value in a statement of uncertainty. Uncertainty propagation, type A and type B evaluations, composite and extended uncertainty, degrees of freedom.

Analogue-to-Digital conversion. Sampling and quantisation effects on signals. Non-ideal behaviour of real converters. Dithering. Number of effective bits.

Integrating voltmeter: single slope, dual slope, and multiple slopes, Voltage-to-Frequency, normal mode rejection. Feedback converters: successive approximation, sigma-delta. Parallel converters: flash, pipelined.

Digital multimeter: block diagram. DC and AC measurements of voltage and current. Resistance measurements. Data acquisition systems.

Time-domain signal analysis. The analogue oscilloscope (block diagram, CRT, vertical amplifier, trigger, main and delayed time bases, controls). Real-time digital scope and equivalent-time sampling scopes (block diagrams, aliasing, interpolation, accuracy). Passive and active probes.

Frequency-domain signal analysis: low-frequency (FFT based) spectral analysis.

Time, period, and frequency measurements: conventional and reciprocal electronic counter, frequency and time-interval analyser. Analogue and digital interpolation techniques for measuring time-intervals with picosecond resolution. Measurement uncertainty.

Attività d'esercitazione
14 hours with approximately 4 laboratory assignments.

Modalità d'esame
Written assignment, Final Exam.

It is expected that students will know operational amplifiers

Testi consigliati
U. Pisani, Misure elettroniche: strumentazione elettronica di misura, Torino, Politeko
Bava E., Ottoboni R., Svelto C., Principi di misura, Progetto Leonardo, Esculapio, Bologna, 2000
Rubiola E., De Marchi A., Leschiutta S., Esercizi di misure elettriche ed elettroniche, CLUT Editrice, (1996)

Testi d'approfondimento
N. Kularatna, Digital and analogue instrumentation, testing and measurement, The Institution of Electrical Engineers, 2003
S. G. Rabinovich, Measurement errors and uncertainties, AIP, Springer-Verlag, 2000
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