( english version )
Physics AB ( 9 CFU )
Prof. Andrea Baraldi
     Tel. 0521-905234 - Fax. 0521-905223           E-mail. andrea.baraldi@unipr.it           Home page. http://www.fis.unipr.it/home/baraldi/

Finalità
The objective of the course is the knowledge of the fundamental laws of classical mechanics, thermodynamics, and electrostatics.

Programma
Physical quantities. Dimensions and dimensional analysis, units and systems of units, fundamental units.
Vectors. Scalar quantities and vectorial quantities. Vector operations.
Elementar kinematics. Relative position, velocity and acceleration. Mono- and bi-dimensional motions, with constant or non constant acceleration. Radial and tangential accelerations. Motion of projectils, circular motions, etc.
Elementary dynamics. Newton’s law of motion. Frame of reference: inertial and accelerated reference frames. Short account of gravitational law.
Work and energy. Kinetic energy. Work performed by a force. Conservative force and potential energy. Conservation of mechanical energy.
Momentum. Discrete or continuous mass distribution: center of mass. Impulse. Conservation of linear momentum.
Rigid body. Kinematics of rotational motion (angular coordinates, angular velocity and angular acceleration). Relations between linear and angular kinematic quantities.
Rigid body dynamics. Moment of force; center of gravity. Angular momentum. Moment of inerzia. Kinetics energy and work in the case of rotational motion. Equations of motion. Koenig theorems. Conservation of the angular momentum.
Statics. Conditions for the static equilibrium of a rigid body.
Harmonic oscillator. Properties of the harmonic oscillator and examples.
Fluids. Fundamental quantities and laws: short accounts (pressure, density; Stevino’s, Archimede’s and Bernoulli’s laws).
Thermodynamics. Fundamental quantities of thermal physics. Temperature and thermometers. Gas laws. Thermodynamical work, heat, specific heat, latent heat. The principles of thermodynamics. Carnot cycle. Thermal engines and efficiency. Entropy.
Electrostatics. The electrical charge. Coulomb’s law and electric field. Gauss’ theorem and its applications. Electric potential energy and electric potential. Conductors in electrostatic equilibrium, the electrostatic shield.
Capacitors. Energy stored in a capacitor. Equivalent capacitor of a network of circuit elements: series and parallel combinations. Polarization of matter and dielectrics: the dielectric constant.
Electric stationary currents. The Ohm’s law. Equivalent resistance of a network of circuit elements: series and parallel combinations. Kirckoff’s laws. RC circuits.

Attività d'esercitazione
Exercise sessions will be held during the course.

Modalità d'esame
It is required to pass both a written and an oral examination.

Propedeuticità
The course is calculus based.
The courses of Mathematical Analysis AB and Geometry should be previously attended.

Testi consigliati
D. Halliday, R. Resnick, K.S. Krane, “Fondamenti di fisica” sesta edizione vol 1 e 2 (CEA)
W.E. Gettys, F.J. Keller, M.J. Skove, “Fisica classica e moderna” vol. 1 e 2 (casa editrice McGraw-Hill)
P. Mazzoldi, M. Nigro, C. Voci, “Elementi di Fisica” in più volumi (

Testi d'approfondimento
Serway-Beichner – Fisica per Scienze ed Ingegneria Vol 1-2 – Ed. EdiSES
Halliday-Resnick-Krane – Fisica 1 e 2 – Ed. CEA
P.Mazzoldi, M.Nigro, C.Voci – Fisica vol. I e II . Ed. Edi
 
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